The path to migrating to Microservices from a monolithic or service-oriented architecture (or even starting a greenfield application) is riddled with challenges, pitfalls, canyons, demons, and even fire-breathing dragons. I like to call it “The Kings Road”. In this session I will show the migration patterns that allow you to easily fly over this challenging road and ease the pain associated with moving to microservices. I will also show you some automation tools you can use to help analyze your applications to determine how challenging this road will be.
Jorge Santayana is famous for saying “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it”. When SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture) was all the craze, everyone got all excited about services, but forgot about the data. This ended in disaster. History repeats itself, and here we are with Microservices, where everyone is all excited about services, but once again, forgets all about the data. In this session I will discuss some of the challenges associated with breaking apart monolithic databases, and then show the techniques for effectively creating data domains and how to split apart a database. I consider the data part of Microservices the hardest aspect of this architecture style. In the end, it's all about the data.
In 250BC Rome began its expansion into Carthage, and later into the divided kingdoms of Alexander, starting the rise of a great empire until its decline starting around 350AD. Much can be learned from the rise and fall of the Roman Empire as it relates to a similar rise and fall: Microservices. Wait. Did I say “fall of microservices”? Over the past 5+ years Microservices has been on the forefront of most books, articles, and company initiatives. While some companies been experiencing success with microservices, most companies have been experiencing pain, cost overruns, and failed initiatives trying to design and implement this incredibly complex architecture style. In this session I discuss and demonstrate why microservices is so vitally important to businesses, and also why companies are starting to question whether microservices is the right solution. Sir Issac Newton once quoted “What goes up must come down”; Blood, Sweat & Tears sang about this in their hit “Spinning Wheel”. Microservices is no exception. Come to this provocative session to learn about the real challenges and issues associated with microservices, how we might be able to overcome some of the technical (and business) challenges, and whether microservices is really the answer to our problems.
Have you ever wondered how to do data synchronization between cloud-based services and on-prem databases? Have you ever wondered how to share a single database schema between hundreds (or even thousands) of microservices? Have you ever wondered how to significantly increase the performance of microservices? Have you ever wondered how to version relational database changes when sharing data in a microservices environment? If any of these questions intrigue you, then you should come to this session. In this session I will describe and demonstrate various caching strategies and patterns that you can use in Microservices to significantly increase performance, manage common data in a highly distributed architecture, and even manage data synchronization from cloud-based microservices. I'll describe the differences between a distributed and replicated cache, Using live coding and demos using Hazelcast, I'll demonstrate how to do space-based microservices, leveraging caching to its fullest extent.
Software architecture is hard. It is full of tradeoff analysis, decision making, technical expertise, and leadership, making it more of an art than a science. The common answer to any architecture-related question is “it depends”. To that end, I firmly believe there are no “best practices” in software architecture because every situation is different, which is why I titled this talk “Essential Practices”: those practices companies and architects are using to achieve success in architecture. In this session I explore in detail the top 6 essential software architectural practices (both technical architecture and process-related practices) that will make you an effective and successful software architect.
This session is broken up into 2 parts: those essential architecture practices that relate to the technical aspects of an architecture (hard skills), and those that relate to the process-related aspects of software architecture (soft skills). Both parts are needed to make architecture a success.
Whether starting a new greenfield application or analyzing the vitality of an existing application, one of the decisions an architect must make is which architecture style to use (or to refactor to). Microservices? Service-Based? Microkernel? Pipeline? Layered? Space-Based? Event-Driven? SOA?. Having the right architecture style in place is essential to the success of any application, big or small. Come to this fast-paced session to learn how to analyze your requirements and domain to make the right choice about which architecture style is right for your situation.
Java is a language in evolution. There are a handful of language changes in Java 9 and 10 plus several JDK changes in 9, 10, 11, and 12. Some of these changes are significant in that they allow us to do things more effectively than before. The difference can be anywhere from reducing code to avoiding errors that come from verbosity. In this presentation we will explore the language changes first. Then we will visit the additions to the JDK. Along the way we will also look at a few things that have been removed from Java as well.
We will program with Java quite differently in the future than we do today. The reason is that Java is embracing asynchronous programming like never before. This will have a huge impact on how we create services and web applications. In this presentations we will look at what asynchronous programming is, what continuations are, how they get implemented under the hood, and how we can benefit from them.
Java Modules are the future. However, our enterprise applications have legacy code, a lots of it. How in the world do we migrate from the old to the new? What are some of the challenges. In this presentation we will start with an introduction to modules and learn how to create them. Then we will dive into the differences between unnamed modules, automatic modules, and explicit modules. After that we will discuss some key limitations of modules, things that may surprise your developers if they're not aware of. Finally we will discuss how to migrate current applications to use modules.
On the NFJS tour, there are questions that seem to come up again and again. One common example is “How do we determine which new tools and technologies we should focus our energy on learning?” another is “How do we stop management from forcing us to cut corners on every release so we can create better and more maintainable code?” which, after awhile becomes “How can we best convince management we need to rewrite the business application?”
There is a single meta-answer to all these questions and many others.
It begins with the understanding that what we as engineers value, and what the business values are often very different (even if the ultimate goals are the same) By being able to understand these different perspectives it's possible to begin to frame our arguments around the needs and the wants of the business. This alone will make any engineer significantly more effective.
This session picks up from where “Stop writing code and start solving problems” stops discussing what is value, how do we align the values of the business with the needs and values of the engineer.
In Part 1, you learned the core principles of influence and persuasion. How to we take this back to the office and apply what we've learned?
We dive deep in to specific strategies to get both the team and the business on board with your ideas and solutions. We cover several real-world patterns you can follow to be more effective and more persuasive. Part 1 was conceptual, part 2 is practical.
By the end of this conference you will have learned many new tools and technologies. The easy part is done, now for the hard part: getting the rest of the team-and management-on board with the new ideas. Easier said than done.
Whether you want to effect culture change in your organization, lead the transition toward a new technology, or are simply asking for better tools; you must first understand that having a “good idea” is just the beginning. How can you dramatically increase your odds of success?
You will learn 12 concrete strategies to build consensus within your team as well as 6 technique to dramatically increase the odds that the other person will say “Yes” to your requests.
As a professional mentalist, Michael has been a student of psychology, human behavior and the principles of influence for nearly two decades. There are universal principles of influence that neccessary to both understand and leverage if you want to be more effective leader of change in your organization.
In this session we discuss strategies for getting your team on board as well as when/how to approach management within the department and also higher-up in the organization.
Some developers simply hate type inference. And then there others who love it. Neither one of them is entirely right. In Java we have been making extensive use of type inference for several years without realizing it. The introduction of “var” in Java 10 has stirred up some surprising debate. In this presentation we will step back and review type inference in Java. Then we will dive deep into type inference in Java 10 and 11. We will wrap up the presentation will good recommendations on when to use type inference and when to avoid it.
Functional style of programming was introduced in Java 8. Many organizations are still transitioning to Java 8 and more so, embracing the functional style. If you are like the speaker, who spent decades on imperative style, then the transition to functional style can be intimidating. In this presentation we will learn about the fundamentals of programming in functional style, the set of tools that we can reach into to solve problems as a series of state transformation. We will learn the how but also the benefits along the way as well.
Micronaut is a modern, JVM-based, full-stack framework for building modular, easily testable microservice applications.
In this session we'll dive deep into Micronaut, it's strengths, capabilities and best practices when building & testing services, functions and reactive apps.
“Forewarned is forearmed”
If it seems like humans are easy to deceive, it's because we are. The myriad traits that make humankind so eminently exploitable are practically baked into our DNA. Too often these same traits make it into the software we build. This keynote takes an entertaining look at why humans are so easy to fool and goes on to explore what we can do to overcome our weaknesses and build more secure software.
Security is everyone's responsibility but the burden disproportionally falls on us. As software engineers, we are the last line of defense in our organization. We build the technology and that technology is constantly scanned, probed, and tested. Building truly secure software requires going beyond mere functional requirements; it requires a complete shift in how we think about problems.
How did Amazon, known to the world as an online retailer, manage to make cloud services a multi-billion dollar subsidiary? What is it that AWS offers that makes it so enticing for both solo development, as well as large enterprises like Netflix?
In this session we will take our first baby steps towards AWS. We will take a quick glance at what AWS is and what it has to offer, and then see what it takes to lay out a minimal setup for an a simple application which includes setting up a compute, backed by a database, DNS and routing, as well as leveraging additional services like S3 for storage.
As developers we not only operate in different contexts, but also often have these different contexts interplay as part of our work.
Each of the tools that we use — version control systems like Git (along with collaborative tools like Github/Gitlab), IDE's like Eclipse/IntelliJ, build systems like Gradle, Ci/Cd tooling like Jenkins, IaaC tools like Ansible, the command line — all introduce context.
To be effective developers we need to know when to operate in a certain context, combine or tease apart how these contexts interplay.
Can you improve your release announcements if format your commit messages consistently? You bet!
How should your build tool interact with your version control system?
What does naming your files have to do with how you use your IDE?
This session will take a look at several of these contexts — it will attempt to discern between them, explore when you should separate them and when you attempt to bring them together.
With lots of examples, and lots of quizzes this session will definitely leave you thinking about a few things.
Reactive architecture patterns allow you to build self-monitoring, self-scaling, self-growing, and self-healing systems that can react to both internal and external conditions without human intervention. These kind of systems are known as autonomic systems (our human body is one example). In this session I will show you some of the most common and most powerful reactive patterns you can use to automatically scale systems, grow systems, and self-repair systems, all using the basic language API and simple messaging. Through code samples in Java and actual run-time demonstrations, I'll show you how the patterns work and also show you sample implementations. Get ready for the future of software architecture - that you can start implementing on Monday.
An integral part to any DevOps effort involves automation. No longer do we wish to manage tens, hundreds or even thousands of servers by hand, even if that were possible. What we need is a programmatic way to create and configure servers, be those for local development, all the way to production.
This is where tools like Ansible come into play. Ansible offers us a way to define what our server configurations are to look like using plain-text, version-controlled configuration files.
Not only does this help with avoiding “snow-flakes”, but it promotes server configuration to participate in the SDLC, pulling server configuration closer to the developers.
In this session we will explore what Ansible has to offer, decipher the Ansible terminology, and run some examples to configure a local server.
Ansible, like Git, aims to be a simple tool.
The benefit here is that the level of abstraction that Ansible offers is paper-thin, with no complicated workflows, or opinions enforced by the tool itself.
The downside is that without a prescribed approach to Ansible, developing your playbooks often becomes a case of trial-and-error.
As engineers steeped in the DevOps mindset we must be able to use the tool effectively, allowing us to accelerate and shorten the lead time from development to production.
In this session we will take a look at some lessons learned when working with Ansible. Topics covered:
We developers really like code.
Code, being plain-text, can be version-controlled, versioned, and follow a traditional SDLC lifecycle.
For the longest time however, we were forced to live with having most of our Ci/Cd and server configurations live outside of our codebases, often at the mercy of infrastructure/operations teams.
With the evolution of DevOps comes the notions of constructs like IaaC (Infrastructure-As-A-Code), and with Jenkins 2.0, we can now manage our Jenkins jobs configurations as code!
In this session we will explore the concept of “Pipelines-As-A-Code”, including the DSL that Jenkins offers, and how we can use this to configure Jenkins jobs via simple, version-controlled Jenkins files. We will see how we can create Jenkins jobs by autodiscovering repositories, as well as when we branch our code to create releases.
There's nothing new or exciting about relational databases. We abstract them away with ORMS, grudgingly write a query here or there, but generally try to forget about them entirely. Then the performance and scalability problems begin. “Shading, the secret ingredient to the web-scale sauce” often won't help us.
The database is at the heart of nearly every system we build. Reading data and writing data account for the majority of performance bottlenecks. When it comes to SQL and relational databases, the syntax is easy, but the concepts often aren't. The most important knowledge is not obvious but it is necessary to make the right design, query, and optimization decisions.
Indexing, a glimpse under the hood of the storage engine and the query optimizer, and some best practices are all you need to know bring your DB skills head and shoulders above your peers and ready to build bigger, better, faster apps.
We all have seen our share of bad code and some really good code as well. What are some of the common anti patterns that seem to be recurring over and over in code that sucks? By learning about these code smells and avoiding them, we can greatly help make our code better.
Come to this talk to learn about some common code smell and to share your experiences as well.
In this session we will get acquainted with Docker. We will discuss what docker is, how to install it, and how to start using Docker. We will also explore some of the benefits of containerizing your applications.
Containers are taking over the world. Containers provide a means to have hermatic builds of your software, allowing for truly immutable testing, and delivery of your software. Docker is one of many containerization technologies, and in this session we will take a brief look at Docker and what it has to offer.
In this session we will dive deeper into Dockerfiles. We will explore the DSL that Dockerfiles provide to allow for the automation of image creation.
Dockerfiles provide a means to automate the creation of images, and consequently the containers within which our applications run. The Dockerfile, though minimal, provides us with everything we need to package our software, and enable it to run. In this session we will dive deep into the Docker DSL, and explore the many commands that it provides, and along the way explore some differences between similar commands, and some gotchas.
Creating code is easy, creating good code takes a lot of time, effort, discipline, and commitment. The code we create are truly the manifestations of our designs. Creating a lightweight design can help make the code more extensible and reusable.
In this presentation we will take an example oriented approach to look at some core design principles that can help us create better design and more maintainable code.
It happens to us all; there are simply days where it seems impossible to get anything done. This session focuses on techniques and tips to get into the zone, stay in the zone and to protect your productivity, even in disruptive environments.
Rather than focusing on any one productivity methodology (e.g. GTD) This talk analyzes the internal and external factors that affect our productivity and offers broader strategies to get back on track.